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X76.297 Mask

 

Object Name: Mask
Chileya or Chiheu (guardian ancestor)
Cultural Group: Chokwe peoples
Place of Origin: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date: Late 19th-20th century
Materials Used: Bark, paper, fabric, cotton, fiber, wood, paint
Dimensions: L: 20.2 cm, H: 26.7 cm (L: 7.9 in, H: 10.5 in)
Credit line and Accession Number: Museum Purchase. X76.297

Chileya or Chiheu is another male guardian and tutelary spirit of the mukanda initiation camp. He is active throughout the initiation process and is sometimes the first mask to appear at mukanda. Strips of colored cloth or paper are added to the surface of the mask to highlight facial features or represent different designs. Chileya is sometimes described as an older male or a fool and displays behaviors suggesting these character types while performing lively dances. Chileya’s hair is supposed to be understood as gray, thus cotton or the pelt of an animal with a white stripe, such as a colobus monkey, is attached to its head.

SKU: X76.297 Category:

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